References: Why does work not work for autistic people?

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

Autism Europe (2017). Autism and Inclusion.

Autistica (2019). Building Happier Health Longer Lives. Retrieved from

Autistic Self Advocacy Network, (2012). Loud Hands: Autistic people, speaking. Washington DC: The Autistic Press.

Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. M., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind?”. Cognition, 21(1), 37-46.

Beardon, L. (2016). Autism in Adults (2021 edition) London: Sheldon Press.

BMA: British Medical Association (2019). Failing a generation: delays in waiting times from referral to diagnostic assessment for autism spectrum disorder. Retrieved from

Booth, J. (2016). Autism Equality in the Workplace: Removing Barriers and Challenging Discrimination, London: Jessica Kingsley.

Booth, J. (2019). A Social Model of Neurodiversity at Work. Retrieved from, posted 10 July 2019.

Booth, J. (2021a). I’m Autistic: It’s an Adjective not an Accessory. Retrieved from

Booth, J. (2021b). Report: TfL Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Forum, 9 June. Retrieved from

Brede, J., Remington, A., Kenny, L., Warren, K., & Pellicano, E. (2017). Excluded from school: Autistic students’ experiences of school exclusion and subsequent re-integration into school. Autism & Developmental Language Impairments.

Burkett, C. (2020), ‘Autistic while black’: How autism amplifies stereotypes. Retrieved from www.spectrum

Cameron, C. (2014). The Medical Model. In Cameron, C. (ed.) (2014). Disability Studies: a student’s guide, London: Sage.

Cameron, C. (ed.) (2014). Disability Studies: a student’s guide, London: Sage.

Cooper, R. and Kennady, C. (2021), Autistic voices from the workplace, Advances in Autism, vol.7 no.1, pp.73-85.

Deloitte (2016). Global Human Capital Trends 2016: The new organization: Different by design. Retrieved from

Demetriou, E. A., DeMayo, M. M., & Guastella, A. J. (2019). Executive Function in Autism Spectrum Disorder: History, Theoretical Models, Empirical Findings, and Potential as an Endophenotype. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 753.

Doyle, N. (2020). Neurodiversity at work: a biopsychosocial model and the impact on working adults, British Medical Bulletin, 135(1), September 2020, 108–125,

Dwyer, P. (2021). Revisiting Monotropism. Post on Autistic Scholar website. Retrieved from

Edinburgh Business School (2021). Teamwork – A Modern Paradox, The People Development Magazine, 11 February 2021.

Elley, S., Balmer, A., Wilson, J. and Secret, A. (2020). I’d like to tell them what gets left-out or ‘unsaid’: Autism, neurodiversity and employment experience in neoliberal times, in Milton, D. (ed.) (2020). The Neurodiversity Reader: Exploring concepts, lived experience and implications for practice (pp.232-245). Shoreham by Sea: Pavilion.

Fletcher-Watson, S., Adams, J., Brook, K., Charman, T., Crane, L., Cusack, J., Leekam, S., Milton, D., Parr, J. R., & Pellicano, E. (2019). Making the future together: Shaping autism research through meaningful participation. Autism, 23(4), 943–953.

Fletcher-Watson, S. and Happé, F. (2019), Autism – a new introduction to psychological theory, Abingdon: Routledge.

Gernsbacher, M. A., and Yergeau, M. (2019). Empirical Failures of the Claim That Autistic People Lack a Theory of Mind. Archives of scientific psychology, 7(1), 102–118.
Happé, F. (2015). Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder of mind-reading. Journal of the British Academy, 3, 197–209. DOI 10.5871/jba/003.197

Hearst, C. (2015). Does language affect our attitudes to autism? Retrieved from

Heasman, B. (2017). Employers may discriminate against autism without realising. [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Hedley, D., Spoor, J.R., Cai, R.Y., Uljarevic, M., Bury, S., Gal, E., Moss, S., Richdale, A., Bartram, T. and Dissanayake, C. (2021), “Supportive employment practices: perspectives of autistic employees”, Advances in Autism, 7(1), pp. 28-40.

Howlin, P. and Magiati, I. (2017). Autism spectrum disorder: Outcomes in adulthood. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 30(2):1. 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000308

Kappes, S., (nd). Executive functioning issues in the workplace: What employers need to know. Retrieved from

Kenny, L., Hattersley, C., Molins, B., Buckley, C., Povey, C., & Pellicano, E. (2016). Which terms should be used to describe autism? Perspectives from the UK autism community. Autism, 20(4), 442–462.

Lesser, M. and Murray, D. (2020), Mind as a Dynamical System – Implications for Autism, in Milton, D. (ed.) (2020). The Neurodiversity Reader: Exploring concepts, lived experience and implications for practice (pp.7-17). Shoreham by Sea: Pavilion.

Milton, D. (2012). ‘On the ontological status of autism: the ‘double empathy problem’’, Disability & Society, 27:6, 883-887, DOI: 10.1080/09687599.2012.710008

Milton, D. (2017). A Mismatch of Salience: Explorations of the nature of autism from theory to practice. Shoreham by Sea: Pavilion.

Milton, D. (ed.) (2020). The Neurodiversity Reader: Exploring concepts, lived experience and implications for practice. Shoreham by Sea: Pavilion.

Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 36(1), 27–43.

Murray, D., Lesser, M., & Lawson, W. (2005). Attention, monotropism and the diagnostic criteria for autism. Autism, 9(2), 139–156. DOI: 10.1177/1362361305051398

Murray, D., (2020). Dimensions of difference, in Milton, D. (ed.) (2020). The Neurodiversity Reader: Exploring concepts, lived experience and implications for practice (pp.18-34). Shoreham by Sea: Pavilion.

Murray, F. (2019a). Community Contribution. In Fletcher-Watson, S. and Happé, F. (2019), Autism – a new introduction to psychological theory (pp.149-50). Abingdon: Routledge.

Murray, F.  (2019b). Me and Monotropism: A unified theory of autism. The Psychologist, (32), 44-49.

Office for National Statistics (2021a). Dataset, Disability and Employment, UK: 2020, published 18 February 2021.

Office for National Statistics (2021b). Outcomes for disabled people in the UK: 2020, published 18 February 2021.

National Autistic Society (2016). The Autism Employment Gap: Too Much Information in the workplace. London: NAS.

Premack, D. and Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4 (4), 515-629.

Rajendran, G., & Mitchell, P. (2007). Cognitive Theories of Autism. Developmental Review, 27, 224-260.

Robertson, C. E., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2017). Sensory perception in autism. Nature reviews. Neuroscience, 18(11), 671–684.

Russell, G., Kapp, S. K., Elliott, D., Elphick, C., Gwernan-Jones, R., & Owens, C. (2019). Mapping the Autistic Advantage from the Accounts of Adults Diagnosed with Autism: A Qualitative Study. Autism in adulthood: challenges and management, 1(2), 124–133.

Schriber, R. A., Robins, R. W., & Solomon, M. (2014). Personality and self-insight in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of personality and social psychology, 106(1), 112–130.

Senju, A. & Johnson, M.H. (2009). Atypical eye contact in autism: Models, mechanisms and development Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 33 (8), 1204-1214.

Shalley, C. E. (2012). Writing good theory: Issues to consider. Organizational Psychology Review, 2(3), 258–264.

Sinclair, J. (2005). Autism Network International: The Development Of A Community And Its Culture. In Autistic Self Advocacy Network, (2012). Loud Hands: Autistic people, speaking (pp.22-70), Washington DC: The Autism Press.

Singer, J. (2017) Neurodiversity: the Birth of an Idea, Sydney: Judy Singer

Sprong, M., Schothorst, P., Vos, E., Hox, J., & Van Engeland, H. (2007). Theory of mind in schizophrenia: meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 191(1), 5-13.

Tregaskis, C. (2002). Social Model Theory: The story so far, Disability & Society, 17:4, 457-470, DOI: 10.1080/09687590220140377

UPIAS: The Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation, (1975). Fundamental Principles of Disability. Retrieved from

Vogus T.J., Taylor J.L. (2018). Flipping the script: Bringing an organizational perspective to the study of autism at work. Autism 22(5):514-516. DOI: 10.1177/1362361318776103. Epub 2018 May 28. PMID: 29807439

Vrij, A., Granhag, P. A., & Porter, S. (2010). Pitfalls and Opportunities in Nonverbal and Verbal Lie Detection. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 11(3), 89–121.

Woods, R., Milton, D., Arnold, L. & Graby, S. (2018) Redefining Critical Autism Studies: a more inclusive interpretation, Disability and Society, 33:6, 974-979, DOI:10.1080/09687599.2018.1454380

World Health Organisation (1980). International Classification of impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps. Geneva: WHO.


Download Page Content (.pdf)